HomeCan you help us find brilliant jobs for everyone who want to work?5G4321.. womenuni.comapril 2019 360 people out of beijing explore 360 degree globe-tech for all the peoplesare you a FEDICS networkerFirst 40 moon races on earth of SD Generationlivelihood challenges atlasGandhi's 20th C's most valuable networker?Mapping how world worked 2025 to 1000tenmoore health & edu for girls &Innovation's Inequality Millenniumg7's war on youthnews from fifth world people valuing livelihood education mostfake maths- species extinction10 ways to prevent west from ending our speciesthe world's most valuable lessonwhy BAT is not FAG - an alibaba.com linkedin grouphubs 1995^ 128^ moorehubs 2002^ 256^ moore2009^ 2016^ un reframes sustainability goals as west's false media takes youth to edge of extinction2016^ 1024^ mooreworld record jobs creators- sino-english editionwrjc sir fazle abedaudrey cheng and girls who codewrjc jack mawrjc xi jinpingabout publishers of world record job creatorswrjc pope francisexplorer david attenboroughdoes your nation understand belt road mappingTriple-I of Girl Sustaining Economiesgory - was al gore being ironical in borrowing incon truth from ChurchillCan humanity's edu spaces unite sustainable youth?inclusive education china belt road's secret sauce50 years of questions on sustainability, trade, investment banking, educationcases of lawyers protecting richest/powerful not poorest/excludedworld record job creator antonio guterreswrjc solbergwrjc elon muskdcbeltroad.comsoroshow weak teachers and expensive marketers cause warswhy preventing human extinction depends on missing 5th grade curriculum of expoenential risksustainability survey : reasons societies fail to invest in lifelong learning 3 bn new jobs20.20 mooc of 30000 microfranchises20.1 Girls Livelihood Eduworld record job creator - ian goldin20.2 Joy of educators ending poverty - Confucius, Muslim, Francistop 10 missing curricula of sustainability gen : open survey on future of educurriculum - have a problem, community is the solutionA2A3AAA nations and superplacesuniting 110 places that can sustain next generation?Are you under 30 and fluent in chiense or english?thank you merkelBR4summit.com# 2017now most important do nows of worldwide sustainability youth and teachersg20 cooperationsmegan kelly - worlds best or worst interviewer - transcript putin petersburg economics summit jn 017Mar-A-Lago Diaries Xi-Trump.comenergy and smart media#E, #ER, #EMAC, #EMacron - 4 Futures #TheEconomistWhat if trump is doing what majority elected him to doAfrica LogWhat if next 4 years is best or worst of times?Big data expohelp translate world record book of job creationgolden oldies- curious videos on god's greatest jobs creatorwhy dont global youth celebrate the world's most collaborative SME jobs training centresWill Youths Livelihoods & Education ever recover from USA Anti-Social Mediamay and samarawhither peoples sustainability versus big interestChina IQ Test for American and English Youth LeadersEDUCATION IS the economy100 ways to destroy youth's livelihoods with edu system - one way to sustain youth and placestired of DC (Dead Capitalism)Ypchronic chapter POP Washington DCHow do Young Professionals Take It On - and other exciting questions in your worldRISK -is your appreciation of worldwide purpose smarter than 5th graderold yunusolympics.comcurricula: how to build nation round 15000 disadvantaged youth and other value millennails moocs#2030now is it possible to mooc jim kim or any world leaders millennials want to take it on withNations most critical moments in race 2030 vs 1946 invest 4000 times more to sustain alumnisat genyouth entrepreneur competitionswhere can you find a job creating curriculum of economicsjoin search for greatest on-demand curricula in millennials job creating worldquestions about millennials = first generation all alumni of each otherMa, Lee , Yunus - who else in top 20 job creators of first 20 years of satellite net gen?year 44 Economist series silicon valley tipping point what do 5 billion people want from elearningolympics of water and desertsophelia dahl 101 -a sarah "sainsbury" b laura turnerAMMA 102daphne koller 103AlumniSat curriculum - first 6 weeks on-demand3 female disciples of jagdish gandhisustainability'a missing curricula - why not mooc them?Liars, damned liars, and curricula administratorscoming soon - map of who links who at world's bank's 6 athgonathonsearch for silicon valley metahubs of open learning worldgreatest development conference that never wascollaboration entrepreneur: 10 most exciting projects of 2011Collaboration CafeBlog chartering 2010s most exciting youth projectsPrivate - microfinance the good, the bad and the uglyprivate - the MOU crisis - open source certifying youth worlds most exciting projectsprivate- there are 10 micriocredit models that can save the world and many others than can lose it*checklist of yunus asks dhaka september 2010* top 10 sb places to vist by regiongrameen inside social action team - 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Welcome to the Game of World Record Job Creation and (below) components of publishers guide for 2017.

How the Entrepreurial Revolution search for net generation's  new 3 billion jobs started in The Economist (1972) 

alongside our updating column celebrating job creating leaderships and youth - here are ten nominations of heroes (sometimes coupled) of world record job creation -mail us yours - under each hero links to others you may like- stories of how world record job creator multiplies youth opportunities and where to join in their alumni networks -references starting with F denote friends web, v=video  =q&a welcomed text usa 240 316 8157 ... email chris.macrae@yahoo.co.uk ... linkedin unwomens

 world record job creating news winter 2017 -Kissinger (g00) - late greats: lee kuan yew

2017.1 Global Friendships of China and Youth 

DEC2016, NY, University Club: Ambassador Carla Hills asks Kissinger, who had just personally briefed Jinping and Trump and Cheng Li : how to triangularise sustainability of china : us-north: us-south
 WRJC systems mapping:
Apex 1 1.25 billion taoist/confucian chinese peoples
Apex 2 over 1 billion potentially Franciscan people
Apex 3  English speaking developed world powered by USA
Kissinger said I have advised jinping and trump as leaders of the world’s 2 most powerful nations –please don’t start a cold war over youth's sustainability jobs. The last thing all other nations need is to have to choose sides over youth’s sustainability goals
Li said (paraphrasing): I thank Kissinger and am hopeful. NB  Xi  has many urgent internal responsibilities -  halfway through his 10 year term he has clarified goals for ending corruption and demanding businesses sustain next generation livelihoods– China has a history of peace (we are the biggest nation to spend more on internal security than external) - we therefore can be expected to focus on building eastern hemisphere trade notably around the half of the world living on 10% of land within 3000 miles (moreover investing in the railways of One Belt One Road value cross-cultural collaboration of neigbours all along the belt ;
And note why Jinping needs to ensure the investment of the older half of china in their youth livelihoods as an intergenerational success. Unlike the West, elderly Chinese have no social safety nets- they depend on the wealth productivity of their children – usually only 1 youth per husband and wife because of the one child policy
In reaching out to family loving cultures, xi jinping wants a meeting with pope francis so that g20 argentina in 2018 continues all the mass collaboration projects including climate harmonisation announced at china g20 (and which germany g20 in 2017 may or may not value from its view of europe which seems different from pope francis particularly as 2017 is a German electoral year)
 Celebrating 30 years of American-Chinese goodwill relationships with  G00 Kissinger

C49 Bing Xiang  2 ; C48 -sf Frank Wu 1 2 ; C47 Cheng Li 

 G20 Hangzhou China 2016; G20 Germany 2017 

Jack Ma -videos -  Language Teacher, Global Village Job Creation's Wealthiest Entrepreneur (C1) AliResearch  Alizila  AliBabaUni Hupan.com

China's greenest entrepreneur?  Zhang Yue (C2)

World's number 1 public servant? Xi Jinping (C3) 

2017.2 Year 6 of Jim Kim's transformation of YouthWorldBanking - what do Young Professions need to value systemising in wholly different ways than Pre-Digital Professionals if ending extrememe poverty is to be intergral to achieving 17 SD Goals of #2030now and greatest #learninggeneration
At this urgent transitionary time youth need to know what help jim kim needs to go beyond the paradox of strong oriental leader – who doesn’t give instructions, but clarifies a desired outcome and seek to open space to unite people getting there
5 videos that clarify jim kim as connector of world class youth jobs co-creation
Will the poor always be with us? | Jim Yong Kim | TEDxWBG 2014 anthropology of  upbringing as a North Korean immigrant youth in smalltown America parented by a practical father and an idealist mother- kim at world bank tedx

Are You Ready to Take It On? End Poverty by 2030 2012 youth Take it On Appeal – world bank launch- what you can learn from my work om professional crises from 25 years of designing franciscan health services for the poorest with paul farmer and boston’s top medical students worldwide

World Bank Group President Kim and Pope Francis Discuss Mutual Efforts to End Poverty 2013 meeting pope francis – he gave me an a plus for applying Franciscan culture to health service and encourages me to ask all young professions to app it to resolved conflicts with their professional elders

https://twitter.com/AlibabaGroup/status/779007539857887232    update 2016 meeting jack ma –blockchain and big data applied to sustain small enterprises is the only way business can be trusted to sustain youth (previous videos  and personally edited reports of kim explain how 2 common projects of china and world bank are health services and smart cities)

more detailed links  

Sustainability Youth World's Number 1 Banker Jim Kim (G1) WorldBank , Franciscan POP, UNCTAD, Education Commission

Bridgemaker of Learning Economy : Gordon Brown (G4) Education Commission- greatest #learninggeneration with Ma and Kim; Blockchain philanthropy with Ma

Richard Branson (G5) - supporting blockchain and green finance summits within G20 , leading entrepreneur curriculum of mandela extranet, celebrating B corp with eg Zhang Yue 

Satoshi(G6) - more at blockchainopen.com

Jack Ma & China G20 Friends :

Qiu Yong (C4)

Qian Yingyi (C5)

Ai Feng (C6)

Xu Jinghong (C7) 4.1 3

Jinping ONE BELT ONE ROAD, Infrastructure Bank, Climate World Leaders, EWTP 

5 Jack Ma Friends helping set up Global University of Sustainability & Leapfrog Coding

- Joe Tsai (C8),

Feng Lun Vantone, china centre world trade NY (C9), 

Guo Guangchang Fosun (C10),

Shi Yuzhu Giant Interactive (c11) ,

Huang Nubo Zhingkun (C12),

Bernard Chan HK (C13),

Allan Zeman HK (G7),

Charles Yen TW (C14) ...


shannon may bridges international   v1 and noah samara yazmi - china-africa world spaces in innovation in education

 sir fazle abed

br1 br2 fb1 fb2 

Historically Abed's 80th birthday, 44th of BRAC celebrates unique qualities of world's number 1 NGO- ending extreme poverty, girl empowerment, bottom up (1000 SME microfranchieses), most collaborative.. 1970s partnerships with china began on rice science and oral rehydration.. along the way hundred thousand staff and 8 million plus financing of female led SMEs links the greatest education networking I have ever observed   

 jim kim transformational leader of world bank

franciscan global youth project networks  linkin to taoist sustainability goals and wizard open technologists

5 videos that clarify jim kim as connector of world class youth jobs co-creation 

2014 anthropology of my upbringing a north Korean immigrant youth in smalltown America parented by a practical father and an idealist mother- kim at world bank tedx 

 2012 youth Take it O Appeal – world bank launch- what you can learn from my work om professional crises from 25 years of designing franciscan helath services for the poorest with paul farmer and boston’s top medical students worldwide

2013 meeting pope francis – he gave me an a plus for applying Franciscan culture to health service and encourages me to ask all young professions to app it to resolved conflicts with their professional elders

update 2016 meeting jack ma –blockchain and bg data applied to sustaina small enterprises is the only way business can be trusted to sustain youth (previous videos  and personally edited reports of kim explain how 2 common projects of china and world nank are health services and smart cities)

1999 from first meeting  of sir fazle abed- the greatest end ;poverty education is the greatest servant leader 

 jack ma

 xi jinping


 JGandhi & TBlecher


 Tim Berners Lee

George Soros

probably the last economist left from the keynsians who debated from the 1970s how the macroeconomic rules sudited around the world's 100 largest organsdoiations short-term extraction would get more and more in conflict withsystem design required to optimise intergewneational sustainability of 7 billion peoples interconecting livelihoods


 Muhammad Yunus 


 icog ethiopia ; audrey cheng moringa kenya

intel rachel ; khan academy - purpose mooc rheingold, anfrew ng - china's totally different purpose of mooc

ihub and ushahidi kenya 


dubai million doilar teacher prize 

mo ibrahim 

wise founder

uae commioner ec 



 epicentre of girls education and investment sustains the world -brac intl girls clubs- bridge kenya girls edu celebrated brooking

rice curricula

last mile health service curricula

wash program- jack sim world toilet 

bkash.com cashless community banking for poorest networks - quadir brother and nick hughes  (MIT, dubai legatum, abdul latif mid east toyota frachise foundation)

paul polak 

 paul farmer and ophelia dahl -health - george patten; leana wen; paul komesaroff; keith peters; denis gilhooly; search elearning arkansas- shelly batra

gordon brown #learning generation - brookings rebecca, bridge to jack ma 

pope francis- guttierez imperative fund- g20 argentina - al hathaway union cybercenter labs/ blum/iadb/oas

zara marsewllan 

baltimore supercity- leonsis supercity ; bedy yang 500 women ; 1776 founders

eva vertes

flying doctor nigeria

Ypchronic boston 

 Blockchain leaders

ewtp connection 

china entrepreneur 50

haipan and alibaba uni

gordon dreyden

elena gabre-madhin 

gordon brown & greatest learning generation


c100  -cheng li  - brrokings in dc and tsinghua - bridge to brooking edu (see jim kime)

hangzhou -first wave of g20 leaders

one belt one road partners

tsinghua thinktanks- cctv investigative journalists of education

over 100 smart city projects a year 

2017 2.1 of party teams designed to end corruption and value which entrepreneurs most want to sustain china and the world (link back from india g20 2019 argentian g20 2018 germany g20 2017)

michelle bachelet and pierre trudea from contient of america together with B (of BRICS) .............................................................................

Mandela Extranet

Maharishi Curricula (Tao Zen) 

Nilekani and late great President Kalam 









richard branson 

zeroo bilimoria 

 from 2nd industrial revolution to 4th

mit to tsinghua 

 John perry Barlow

Media Lab Negropronte, ( , Frank Moss  ) Joi Ito


100k competition

open source curriculum

open source health networks

fablabs and 3d printing

 blockchain apps

legatum lab and money in motion

abdul latif labs 

dean's new college ;edward roberts; lemelson foundation; MITEF (MIT Enterprise Forum) comprises about 25 chapters 



 why didnt media celebrate youth unknown heroes


pewter ryan 

jeff skoll and larry brilliant 

frank riboud; john mackey 

neville williams - with yunus microsolar for a billion

beyond the classtoom teachers since 1974

nurjahan begum 16 decisions of village women empowering communities since 1983

prince charles and queen sofia - the 2 safest leaders of banking europe coulkd have listened to................................. 



  Africa may yet become the worldwide test lab for sustaining 21st C youth. Our Entrepreneurial Revolution research of lifelong learning as the main 21st C economy began in The Economist from 1972 onwards. ER maps anticipate changes in job descriptions of 98% of co-workers in HEEF (Health Education Energy Finance) as universal mobile growth of human skills webbed across smart global village communities replaces consuming things as the main metric of human technology and accountable transparency.

Kenya and Ethiopia offer examples of education ER in motion. Take Shannon May's fastest growing educational paradigm out of Kenya. Here 2% of her 2500 staff work on learner centred teaching content distributed on mobile tablets for 98% of Bridges International staff to perform 21st C services with youth. 40 minute learning modules take about 15 hours each to design.

 As BI teaching culture goes- if you were teaching shakespeare you wouldnt change the Bard's text, so why not delight in replicating lesson performances that benefit from live distribution across thousands of schools. Shannon's way emerged from her own experiences as a village teacher in China with 25 hours of live teaching a week she felt frustrated on how little time she had to prep her performances let alone love the customised learning patterns oif every child within her care. Perhaps sustainability's most revolutionary dynamic demonstrated by Bridges International is offering the lowest cost pay-for schooling designed for families whose parents are on maximum 2 dollars per day incomes. 

Attend a workshop of Shannon May's at a world class education summit. It could be the most lifechanging aha for any parent, community developer, teacher, or investor concerned with education. It certainly was for chinese teachers and media at the WISE 21st learning summit of Nov 2016.  Past President Obama could best serve the future of youth by openly admitting his administration failed educational transformation in usa even in Historically Black education systems which we have tracked through 2009-2016. Instead Barack please focus on your greatest innovation moment - the appointment of Jim Kim at the World Bank. This has planted out of Washington will transform 98% of teachers and students work so that job creation is at the heart of every 21st c economic society. It is also  sustainability-deadlines-critical.

Consider the scaling example of 300000 rural Catholic school children content curation being animated by the elearning satellite yazmi and the open source education cataloguing of the Rachel hotspot designed with Intel.  Yazmi is the world's only dedicated learning satellite- its owned by and Ethiopian American headquartered in silver spring MD who wants Ethiopians to be ready in every which way as the continents inward investment gateway to China's One Belt One Road redesign of railroad and maritiime infrastructure across the hemisphere first mapped out by China's Silk Road in the days that Marco Polo mediated the hemisphere's world trade celebrating Hangzhou as epicentred. more

Notes from 3 hour social innovation dialogue with 20 of bangaldesh's top social innovators 2012 

 The Japanese Embassy in Dhaka and Sir Fazle Aned were kind enough to host a remembrance party to dad norman's macrae valuation of net generation and asia, and 3 billion jobs curriculum of Entrepreneurial Reolution

Note 1 

When I mentioned that I wished every school could mooc with sir fazle abed he asked about the acronym:

mass - yes sdmall may be beautiful in bangladesh large scale (replication of microfrnachises) is absolutely essential

Open -yes

Online -yes

Course - why not C for Collaboration

 When I asked what was brac's most urgent digital focus- he explained a 4 yera project had just begun to build the developing world's biggest cashless bank www.bkash.com - in 2016 updates he asked chiense graduates who had visited his 80th birthday to start up a sino-bangla desh end poverty newletter travking such movements as Jack Ma's and Yaves Serve China Vilages movement


 From N Korean immigrant family to US: Jim Kim spent nearly quarter of century building the most exciting outside the classroom exchanges for medical students with paul farmer www.pih.org connecting boston with practice labs in haiti, peru, with soros/gorbachev in russian dissidents' prisons, rwanda ..

farmer's video on why hope is critical to sustaining professional youth through the most extreme challenges is seminal. Slaying system failures prone to conventional wisdom's Harvard alumni : his jokes of how upper class storyteller's daughter ophelia dahl "ground" appreciation of his and kim's boat-people upbringings typify Love Quotient culture 

during a short presidency at dartmouth famous for his gagnam style youth celebrations, he wrote up the new curriculum of global health getting harvard's micahel porter to redesign value chain mapping around poorest- in 2012 obama (job interview story here) appointed kim to world bank to ask why not POP every other profession's most trusted students parallel to Partners in Health. His newest allies: Pope Francis, Jack Ma and Gordon Brown


Greatest professional growth opportunities include being doscovered by Gerorge Soros and meeting Sir Fazle Abed 

Kim dairies his journeys around youth professional worlds at this linkedin and world bank live  - some of our favorites discussed here


 from china's declaration of development as 21st C comes of age

I.The Philosophy of the Right to Development Abreast with the Times

Equal access to development opportunities and development benefits are the ideals of human society wherein each and every citizen can achieve well-rounded development and enjoy full right to development.

The Chinese people are diligent, wise, innovative and progressive. In traditional Chinese culture, concepts such as "moderate prosperity" (xiao-kang), "great harmony" (datong), "having ample food and clothing" (fengyi zushi) and "living and working in peace and contentment" (anju leye) fully reflect the Chinese people's aspiration for and pursuit of a better, happier life. In the long course of history, the Chinese people have always striven for better and shared development opportunities, conditions and benefits. In ancient times, China was for long the world leader in agriculture, and contributed to human progress with extraordinary development achievements. Studies reveal that until the mid-19th century, China's GDP and per capita GDP were the world's highest. Before the 16th century, China contributed 173 of the world's top 300 innovations and discoveries. 

  since 1989 invention of the www Tim Berners Lee has been MR OPEN (SESAME) : the engineer keeping digital connectivity open for all 7 billion people to have as near free access as possible.  We’ll demonstrate his jobs creativity mainly by cataloguing players in the ecosystem of MIT and in partering open source Boston that thrive because of TBL.


Industrial Revolution 1 concluded with world war 2

Evolution of Industrial Revolution 2 began with the computers von Neumann innovated during world war 2- he described these as an obscene interest (1940s code for something of huge social import but necessarily secretive while being key to winning the war)  We see the worldwide web as being the system of systems fusion of the transformation between IR2 and IR3 which accelerated from around 1994 as first text mobile phones emerged, Within little more than a decade, half of the world’s poorest as well as riches people became interconnected. By 1994 the West Coast USA was about a decade ahead of the eastern hemisphere in developing all the software and experiments of  both the webs learning and commercial potential. At the same time the eastern hemisphere had stayed ahead in the high quality manufacturing needed for mass consumer goods of hi-tech. Famously 1994 was when  Jack Ma first saw the www and spent  the rest of time exploring its job creating potential for his Chinese (Hong Kong Taiwan and Mainland) compatriots, and then in sustainable trades with worldwide youth and in developing the greatest learning generation (during 2 hectic months of the China G20 Hangzhou Consensus and the United Nations start of the year 2 in the er of sustainability goals)

Industrial Revolution 4 comes around 2008 with three things in one:

  • Launch of phones that have full telecomputing capacity
  • Collapse  of trust in western financial and health systems and introduction of bitcoin/blockchain technology – second only to the internet (www) as a communications platform
  • Conviction by everyone in china from policy makers to biggest business leaders to all the people that virtual (and learning economy) will be even  more valuable to the future of work than industrial manufacturing and teamwork between people confined to work out of one office or classroom
 GS1 Soros is the billionaire phinalthropist and investor that youth can consider benchmarking round ever since his first interventions for black youth in south Africa of late 1970s.

GS2 Soros notable firsts to fund include : grameen village phone experiment- te origin of all leapfrogging inspired coders networks

GS3 With Mikhail Gorbachev, formed the open society solidarity platform highlighting peoples the world’s macro planning have all to often marginalized and whose rich sources for diversity undervalued. Gorbachev went on to partner networkers at Green Club of Rome with launching an annual noble peace laureates summit.

GS4 Unlike many billionaiare philanthropists Soros form of mediation seems unconcerned about courting publicity with 2 exceptions:

Discussing when macroeconomic systems are broken like  many components of EU macroeconomics are, as are many problems spinning exponential (intergenerational) risk by erecting walls where boundary conflicts actually cause the greatest troublespots in an increasing borderless world

Helping the world mediate trust-flow’s fine line between social action solutions and the kind of activism whose race to moral rights can adversely effect society’s deep democratic facilitation practices needed to integrate a higher order system. As they say in the east, the king cant change until the people change. 

 ecommerce wiki  

3 Billion New Jobs

21st C vs 20th C Transformations of worldwide systems –local to global sustainability

1 Billion worldwide human collaboration technologies – eg mobile life critical apps to and from everyone

Top 2 nations collaborate “spiritually-joyfully+ around sustaining youth

Division between top 2 nations caused every other nation to choose sides and be led in ways not organic to local diversity

1 billion jobs renew community- ie nowhere on earth where babies are born to no real chance of making most of life

Go Green Energy’s mass collaboration beyond border

Replace being trapped in dirty carbon value chains

1 billion jobs renew planet – ie go beyond carbon value chain in energizing and producing/consuming everything – china’s sustainability maps shared with G20 invites collaboration in 4th industrial revolution

Micro Fintech inclusion – invest in small enterprises- markets for hard work designed around microfranchises that value 3E’s – Efficient Effective Expandable – from brac to taobao; from 1996 first mobile in villages to blockchain

Macrobanking systems were designed around bubbles – currency bubbles; pension bubbles; speculator bubbles; bubbles that elected shirt-term politicians not transparent nation builders


21st C learning

-the smartest #learninggeneration

20th C learning

go beyond system designed so that half of youth in 2030 will have no livelihoods- declaration of 30 leaders of educationcommission

interconnections eg jim kim nomination jack ma to be UNctad sepcial adviser on youth entrepreneurship as well as  China's commisioner of education for linking in the greatest #learninggeneration --- coming soon

happy 80th sir fazle






1.1 Education Commission 30 National Leaders –Next decade must be greatest #LearningGeneration ever

1.2 UNESCO ANNUAL SERIES 1 OF 15 is education on track to the sustainability goals

1.3 The subnetworks of the G20 – while not organized just around education youth, business, civil society and other subnetworks are continuously staging space that can be constructively moderated for public solutions- 2016 what did china’s co-creative moderation help G20 leaders map back from the future; 2017 what will german co-creative moderation bring, 2018 what will Indian co-creative moderation bring. Which public and business decision-makers happily engae in each year postivie innovations:

2016.1 blockchain the future

2016.2 ecommerce free trade for world wide small enterprises – jack ma commitment

2016.3 one belt one road; china’s commitment to upgrade infrastructure of rail and maritime routes of trade from China west across continent and thropiugh superports to Africa’s coastlines (There’s an understanding that rail can only work if crosscultural peace is aligned along the belt’s intercountry route)



1.4 Brooking’s annual summit of what scales in education – includes recognition that some places who have raced fastest to end poverty have often used education and development finance as the solution using technology preferentially to resolve system traps that had historically spun poverty - most spectacularly Bangladesh and Kenya

1.5 China co-hosts summits with other radical education research networks – 2 interesting characteristics:

recognition that china’s race out of poverty didn’t really start using education that much until 2008 (prior to that the huge wealth of diaspora as inward investment had been main driver; 2008 saw recognition that China’s first 1-0 year of experimentation with worldwide web had unstoppable consequences)  

mass media is required to investigate publicly what teachers and educational institutions are really doing and sharing given china has half a billion youth aged under 30

1.6 Qatar WISE LAUREATE SUMMIT – annual from  since 2015v biannual with even years co-sharing woith another radical location starting with china 2016

1.7 Dubai Million Dollar Teacher Summit

1.8 World Bank Youth Summit



1.9 in 2018 the world in development report series of the world bank will explore education for the first time in its 20 report history




Of course most nations have their own report series but Entrepreneurul Revolution since 1972 explores that the economic and social hypothesis that the valuable research in the worldwide era cannot sustain nations separately from celebrating how much of global youth’s livelihoods will depend on:

 death of distance as the primary cost of hsaring what knowhow mulytiplies value in use (unlikke the indusytrial age of consuming up things)


2 Solution movements worth tracking

Enter content here

 Achieved one day sales of 17.8 billion dollars (on singles day) up 35% from year before 

 Ma hosted several heads of state at ali campus ahead of G20 meeting where the idea of the electronic wotld trade platform - a free trade e-commerce platform for smes around the world was agreed


 Ali Baba hosted China's first global philanthropy summit in china- ma expects to blockchain  philanthropy contracts related to his networks 

 The Tao Bao makers festival in shangai focused on the young generation


 Ali Baba partnered with steven spielbergs amblin pictures to co-produce and finance movies for chinese and international audiences

Ali Baba tech prowess featured at Yunqi cloud conference that featured 40000 participants and 400 tech companies 


Ali Baba launched BUY VR - this virtual reality headset allowed ecommerce shoppers  to view products such as clothing and fashion accessories on a model, with a 360-degree view ...

ali babas best 




 From IT to DT: Redefining Information Economy

Time: 2016-01-29 13:45   Views:1271
Gao Hongbing: From IT to DT: Redefining Information Economy

Introduction: 2016 Think Tank Summit on New Economic, sponsored by AliResearch, was held in Beijing on January 16, 2016. Gao Hongbing, Vice President of Alibaba Group and President of AliResearch delivered a speech entitled From IT to DT: Redefining Information Economy.

Gao Hongbing illustrated three core points: First, Internet innovation cannot be separated from the troika of “technology + commerce + rule;” second, TCP/IP restructures “information basic structure” of the economy and the society in a “top-down” manner; third, the real issue that we need to research is the digital transformation of commercial mode and social development. 

According to him, we are now in an era with radical changes. The key is to how to establish a thinking framework to observe changes and embrace challenges. The Internet has brought us brand new logics and framework. This is technological innovation, commercial innovation and, at the same time, changes of rules. The most important change is that we have established a new information basic structure for the economy and the society.

The Internet was introduced to China in 1994. Since then, the main commercialization path of the Internet in China has eventually changed from the profit model based on the Internet games and the Internet advertisement profit model based on information and contents in the early stage to e-commerce today. Combining the Internet with commerce is now a mainstream model of the Internet-based commercial business in China.

The Internet is changing not only the urban areas, but also the rural areas. It is reforming the consumption and circulation industries, the production and manufacturing, as well as financial industry; it is changing and innovating service industry. On the layer of bringing greater value creation, the Internet is increasingly breaking through the limitations of our previous industrial economy.

The Internet is remodeling our present, as well as our future. The Internet has formed a series of platform-based economies, running in an efficient, high-speed and zero-marginal-cost way. For the vertical and linear chain caused by previous industrial economic structures as well as the barriers such as high costs and overstock, the Internet has opportunities to change them and create new miracles.

DT economy, an era of redefined “information economy” has been ushered in.

Gao Hongbing, Vice President of Alibaba Group and President of AliResearch

Speech delivered by Gao Hongbing:

Distinguished guests, friends, good morning!

What is the most important thing in an era like today? I think, the most important thing should be: What approach should we take and what logic framework should we use to think about, observe and create the world?

In an era with great changes, everyone, no matter a researcher, a think tank or an entrepreneur, needs a right observing angle and should establish a new thinking framework. If we limit our environment and position to the past and traditional angles, we cannot create future. Just now, Ian Morris talked about Adam Smith. His greatest contribution was that he discovered the way for people to create fortune, that is, to find a new market. Today, the Internet is leading us to find a greater new market, to discover a new economic continent and to create a new real economy.

Ten days ago, I went to Hangzhou for Forum on Information Economic Development Summit of Zhejiang Province. In 2013, Zhejiang Provincial Government took the lead in issuing the Guiding Opinions on Energetically Promoting Information Economic Development. In the past 10 days, I have been thinking about a question: What is the most important thing for us today? In 2015, the most important thing for China and even the globe was Internet+ initiated by China, Industry 4.0 put forward by Germany and the United States making its high-end manufacturing industry back to its territory. In China, the Internet+ in 2015 could combine almost everything possible. People defined almost all the technologies, industries and departments with the Internet. However, when we look back, we will find that the thing that should be urgently redefined is the Internet+ itself, and “information economy” itself. In fact, a “traditional information economy” created in IT era is being broken by a new DT era.

DT Redefining Information Economy

We should think from the angle of the troika of “technology + commerce + rule,” instead of focusing only on technology. Technology is very important as it constantly changes the borders of commerce, economy and the world. But it is time for the technology to change the business model. More importantly, the Internet technology is comprehensively changing the business rules with its inborn new philosophy and new measures. The most important juncture of digital transformation of our economy and society is TCP and IP invented in 1973. The protocols have restructured the “information basic structure” of the economy and the society in a “top-down” manner.

In the 18th Century when steam engine was invented, it was first used for getting water and mining. Later, it was used in areas such as power stations, factories, locomotives and ships. A series of technology revolutions caused by James Watt improving steam engine triggered the change from manual labor to machine production. Hence, the first industrial revolution in human history took place.

In the late 19th Century, electricity was invented. Electricity power production and consumption system consisting of links such as power generation, power transmission, power transformation, power distribution and power consumption brought the second industrialization tide to the human race. In the 20th Century, electricity industry gained further development and large-scale electricity power system emerged. It turns primary engine in the nature into electricity power through mechanical devices, and transmits electricity power to various consumers through power transmission, power transformation and power distribution grids. 

After the 1950s, transistor invented in 1947 triggered the computer revolution, bringing a great leap-forward for the human race. This is the first information revolution, or the third industrial revolution. It is a process of developing the economy and the society with information technology.

Today, we are entering a totally new era. In the 21st Century, the technologies connected by the Internet have made computers popular in every sector of the economy and the society and begin to restructure a digitalized economy and society, leading to the second information revolution for human race.

The Internet Gradually Changing From Tool to Economy

Let’s have another look at the important junctures of information revolution: ARPANetwork in 1969. Its core element is “distributed computing” and “packet switching.” To make it simple, distributed computing is TCP while packet switching is IP. Technologically, why can your cellphone be connected with mine? Why can one terminal be connected with another? The reason is that each cellphone has an ID number and a MAC address. Two addresses can identify each other on a subnet through technological protocols. When the subnet expands, or more than 3 billion people hope to join the network with smart terminals, how can we effectively connect them? Then, we need supports of basic logic facilities consisting of routing switch, IP address, domain name, software, computing method and protocol. This is the Internet. We can say that the Internet does not create hardware, but connect hardware facilities through software and protocols. Then, it makes great subversion or reform on the applications, i.e. the economy and the society, so as to form “information-based economy” and “information-based society.”

In fact, when human beings are defining the world, the Internet is defining human beings. When the Internet was introduced to China in 1994, China began to observe the world development from the Internet angle. Of course, the new generation of entrepreneurs also created new business models by utilizing the Internet. The year 1994 was the beginning of a great change. In that year, China had three 64K International private leased circuit (IPLC), connecting the United States, and had no more than 60,000 Internet users. But today, 21 years later, every Chinese has a 3G or 4G cellphone and is using 10Mps or 20Mps broadband. The great number of the Internet wireless and broadband infrastructures has helped China quickly enter an Internet society. This is a great leap forward.

The Internet is turning from the tool or technology in the primary stage into the Internet economic system. This is a huge network of economic system across the time, across the space, across the physical national borders and across the 8-hour/24-hour working time.

The Internet also commercialized technology. In the early stage, people used these universally applicable technologies as tools. We send emails, browse information, play games and log on BBS through the Internet. This is the internet as a tool.

With the constant evolution and upgrade of technology, the Internet is now the impetus pushing the expansion and commercial development of new media. At the end of the 1990s, the Internet was upgraded into www or Web. Tim Berners-Lee’s contribution is that he connected the content websites with hyperlinks on the browser. After 2000, most people think the Internet means www and information network. Even today, many people regard Web as the essence of the Internet. But I think, Web is not the essence of the Internet, but an application of TCP/IP on the layer of information content. However, this stage has brought about an important change: Digital information is integrated into the Internet technology. The Internet, the Web to be exact, has been serving as the channel for spreading contents. The Internet has been serving as the channel for spreading contents, as well as the marketing channel for enterprises to spread their products. In 2007, we saw development of broadband, 3G and 4G, especially the emergence of Apple iPhone (Steve Jobs said that he wanted a phone, not a computer), and the rapid development of cloud computing. The Internet has become the infrastructure of the economy and the society. We can see a huge new economy covering the whole globe when the further popularization of these terminals and facilities becoming a great presence and making innovations through further integrating with the economy. The Internet is forming constructing a greater economic system than industrial economy.

From “Industrial Basic Structure” to “Information Basic Structure”

How to understand the change?

We can think about it through a structure chart with two cores.

The previous two industrial revolutions had created a huge industrial society for human beings, forming the industrial basic structure consisting of the primary industry, the secondary industry and tertiary industry; agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, sideline production and fishery; electronic, auto, chemical industry and trade; enterprises in microscopic view, design, manufacturing and production, brand, wholesale and retailing. In general, most people base their thinking logic on the angle of the industrial economy, and regard the Internet, IT and informationization from the angle of the industrial economy. Thus, it is called industrial informationization, business informationization and the Internet enterprise. People add informationization and the Internet into the previous industrial infrastructure. It is fine if you understand it as “+ Internet.” But if we think about it under the philosophic framework, we would not have seen the new market mentioned by Adam Smith. The reason is that the new economy, the Internet economy, does not present itself in such a structure.

Based on the physical infrastructure at the bottom consisting of optical fiber, equipment and hardware terminals, a soft logic infrastructure can be constructed, that is, the above-mentioned basic protocols of TCP/IP, protocols for various technological applications, trading systems and platform rules of Taobao.com, etc. All these constitute the “logic infrastructure” based on “physical infrastructure.” Based on the two layers of infrastructures, industry, commerce, transportation, tourism, politics, culture, media, etc., have been restructured and redefined.

The economy and society based on the Internet have been restructured. When we think about it under such a logic, it is not a concept of “industrial basic structure,” but a new concept of “information basic structure.”

Thus, the Internet has brought us a totally new angle for thinking logic and framework. The Internet economy is emerging in the form of different platform-based economic development models. These platforms constantly absorb the fragmented industrial economic elements, put them into the Internet world, form new markets, new demands and new industries through large-scale collaboration and new combination, integration and innovation, and eventually form the new “information basic structure.”

E-commerce Economy Becoming the Mainstream and C2B Restructuring Industrial Ecology
The Internet entered China in 1994 and, since then, has been on the mainstream path in its commercialization in China. In the early stage, the Internet games were the major profit source, followed by the Internet advertisements. Today, we can see that e-commerce becomes the new profit source. E-commerce is now a mainstream application model of economic Internet in China. In 2014, the value of online wholesales and retailing totaled 16.3 trillion yuan. China’s GDP that year was approximately more than 60 trillion. Online retailing accounts for 10.6 percent of China’s total retail sales of consumer goods. If we calculate only on the basis of individual consumption, the percentage exceeds 20 percent. The conclusion is, a new commercial ecological system based on the Internet has been created.

Viewing from the data and scene on November 11 Carnival, we can see a globalized commercial ecological system based on the Internet platform. This is a typical business retailing ecological system driven by the Internet, which is not based on the previous “industrial economic structure,” but on the inter-connective, equal and open “information basic structure” with transparent rules. In this economic system, various parties such as the sellers, buyers, service providers, platforms and governments, make joint efforts to develop new business and new manufacturing industry. On November 11, we created a lot of records. About 68.7 percent of the buyers used mobile terminals, showing that the technology is constantly expanding its commercial border. We can see a reversed pressure from consumers to sales and retailing.

On November 11, about 30 million Chinese people bought imported goods from all-over the world, reflecting a grand view of “buying globe and selling globe.” Buying globe also happens in rural market. Rural consumers are rapidly participating in the construction of the Internet retailing system and commercial system. Consumers in central and west China rapidly participated in the process. The Internet is reforming not only urban cities, but also rural areas; it is reforming not only the industry, but also our consumption. The Internet is increasingly breaking through our original limitations on the layer of greater value creation.

Commercialized Turning Point of Cloud Computing: October 2015, DT Exceeding IT

October 2015 is an important juncture. No matter Amazon cloud computing, Microsoft cloud computing, or Ali cloud computing rocketed. Their stocks also increased greatly in October. In contrast, the stocks of other IT companies plummeted in that month. The rise and fall indicate the adjustment of a new industrial structure.

Of course, we also witnessed data precipitated and constantly emergence of various IOT of the Internet of things. Of them, China accounts for a large proportion. In the future five years, China will account for 18 percent to 20 percent of IOT and big data markets. We are confident that a turning point for DT to exceed IT has emerged.

The Internet is reforming our present, as well as our future. Those industries very close to digital technology such as media, telecommunications and publishing are further reformed by the Internet today, so are wholesales, retailing and service industries. In addition, heavy asset industries such as real estate, finance and energy cannot avoid reform from the Internet. This is the black hole effect. 

The Internet has formed a series of platform-based economies, running in an efficient, high-speed and zero-marginal-cost way. For the linear chain of previous industrial economic structures as well as the barriers caused by high costs, the Internet has opportunities to create new miracles.

An era of “new information economy” redefined by DT has arrived.


nsights into Data , Co-creation of New Knowledge!

Profile of Ali Research Institute
Ali Research Institute: Think Tank Platform in DT Times

With the rapid alternation of industrial civilization and information civilization, globalization trends are interwoven with the echo of localization. After the first decade of 21 century, the IT times is rapidly switching to DT times for human beings. A large-scale commercial innovation driven by new technologies, management innovation and system innovation intrigued by commercial innovation display unprecedented and boundless potentiality globally. A golden era of DT times emerges in front of us.

This is also a golden age of new economy and new management researchers. Recently, based on Internet and utilization of Internet-enabled approaches and tools, researches on new phenomena and rules of social economy brought about by Internet and big data have gained more and more exploration and practices in academic circles. Currently, an increasing number of excellent scholars and think tanks are creatively investigating the great change the times, global world, countries, industries, enterprises and individuals are confronted with through large-scale social collaboration with online merchants, service providers, platforms and users and so on.

Ali Research Institute, established in April, 2007, is exactly an participant and promoter of this trend.

Position: Think Tank Platform in DT times

We rely on and are deeply rooted in the globally largest and most vigorous online commercial ecosystem—Alibaba Commercial Eco-system composed of by e-commerce, Internet finance, intelligent logistics, cloud calculation and big data and so on.

We adhere to open, sharing and transparent Internet spirit and are committed to developing into a think tank and think tank platform of new economy and new management field on basis of perspective ideas and insights, powerful data, and abundant cases, including: open data platform, experts network and think tank platform.

Research Scope: New Economy, New Management

Future Studies: such as information economy, new commercial civilization and DT paradigm study;
Microscopic level: model innovation study, such as C2B commercial model, future organization model; 
Mediumscopic level: Internet-enabled study of industries, such as e-commerce logistics, rural e-commerce; 
Macroscopic level: such as Internet's influence on consumption, investment, import and export, employment and so on; 
Management studies: Internet management, Internet regulations, e-commerce legislation and so on.

Demonstration of Research Achievements
Report on Prospect of Information Economy
Internet Plus: from IT to DT
Cloud Calculation Launches Information Economy 2.0
New Opportunities of Global Trade in Internet Age—Wide-Benefit Trade Trend
Report on Eco-Study of 'Mobile Internet Plus' China's Double Creation
Report on Study of China's DT City Intelligent Services Index
Series Reports on Study of China's Taobao Villages
aSPI: Index of Alibaba's Online Shopping Prices
aEDI: Alibaba's E-commerce Development Index
Ali's Economic Cloud Map
Demonstration of Events Held
Vigorous Water Program: Open Study Program for Young Researchers, held for five sessions
Global New Economy Think Tank Meeting: think tank discusses about platforms of new economy and new management
Internet Economy Researchers Meeting: 400 experts from various fields participated the meeting in 2015
China Country Area E-commerce Summit: nearly 400 county and city magistrates across the country participated to exchange about e-commerce development experience in 2015
China Taobao Village Summit Forum: village chiefs' carnival, annual list publishing platform of Taobao villages
China E-commerce Parks Summit Forum: Grand Communication Meeting of E-commerce Parks
Organization Framework

Overall structure: large platforms + small front ends 
Large platforms: data platform, think tank platform 
Small front ends: multiple research teams

Two research centers
ADEC—Ali's Data Economy Center 
ACERC—Ali's Cross-border E-commerce Research Center
Powerful consultant teams and academic committee
Ali Research Institute hired many first-class experts as counselors, and meanwhile set up academic committee to discuss vital academic issues
Social and boundless research groups
Ali launched and participated in multiple social research groups, such as: 50-person Information Society Forum, 50-person Micro-finance Forum, Internet Regulations Research Center and so on. 
The applaud and embrace for new economy and new management development is not only an historical opportunity brought to researchers by the Age, but it is all about responsibility for researchers. Ali Research Institute will go hand in hand with researchers and think tank institutes in the fields of new economy and new management to co-create, co-establish and co-share new ideas, new insights and new rules about future.

Future has come.


Communiqué of the Y20 China 2016

 Poverty Elimination and Joint Development 1. There is an urgent need to understand the multidimensionality of poverty. We recommend: a. Tackling the data gap to monitor the efficacy of public policies, incorporating the lived experiences of the poor and vulnerable; b. Launching an international platform to promote knowledge sharing. This data must be publicly accessible; c. Calling for more participation from poor and vulnerable groups in future Y20 summits and global economic discussions.


2. There is a need to promote a universally accessible and holistic education, taking into account the demands of an ever-changing job market. We recommend: a. Providing standardized high quality, basic education resources to students and training for teachers, including using digital platforms and leveraging data analytics; b. Regulating the creation of decent, sustainable jobs aligned with international labor standards, ensuring that these jobs are accessible to all youth, free from discrimination - regardless of their gender, income level or socioeconomic status; c. Ensuring access to free quality education, using a holistic and gender-based approach to both primary and secondary school. This education should focus on critical thinking skills, vocational training, and both financial and technological literacy.


3. The most vulnerable nations continue to move forward in poverty reduction efforts, however large disparities remain in access to basic needs. We recommend: a. Increasing investment and building sustainable infrastructure in education, housing, transport, nutrition, health care and mental health services for all people, including refugees and stateless people; b. Economically empowering women and disadvantaged groups through increasing representation in the labor market and strengthening social services for these populations; c. Enforcing policies aimed at ensuring land rights for the poor in both rural and urban areas and facilitating the involvement of local communities in food production; d. Making essential medicines accessible for all by promoting a global pay-for-performance scheme (e.g. the Health Impact Fund).


4. It is critical to effectively mobilize resources to eradicate extreme poverty by 2030. We recommend: a. Increasing South-South technical cooperation and knowledge sharing as a complement to North-South and triangular cooperation, as well as official development assistance (ODA) to least developed countries; b. Encouraging the establishment of public-private partnerships to implement effective and targeted capacity building efforts. Private sector participation and investment needs to be matched with social responsibility.


5. The ICT sector is integral to accelerate joint development. We recommend: a. Providing inclusive Internet access to worldwide information through improved fixed and mobile communications infrastructure; b. Expanding e-commerce services and mobile payment systems with the aim of rendering marketplaces available to small and individual businesses; c. Promoting ICT-facilitated civil monitoring of assistance and development programs to increase transparency and accountability, while combatting corruption. Final communiqué of the Y20 China 2016 4 II. Entrepreneurship and Creative Thinking 1. Our education systems and the culture between the public and private sector hinder the growth of entrepreneurship and creative thinking. We recommend: a. Introducing practical programs that foster entrepreneurial, creative and critical thinking from primary school onwards by rewarding experimentation and eliminating the stigma of failure; b. Reforming procurement processes to favor young entrepreneurs, establish intrapreneurship funds or initiatives targeted at young people within governments and encourage these in businesses. 2. Entrepreneurs and creative thinkers lack the soft and hard infrastructure necessary to turn their ideas into reality. We recommend: a. Establishing a public-level single point of access for entrepreneurs that provides information, national contacts and affordable assistance such as: licensing information, ideational and business support, grant opportunities, legal services and resources on starting a business nationally and internationally; b. Encouraging and incentivizing local governments (especially in remote areas) to create “makerspaces” where community members have access to tools, technology and social connections that foster a multidisciplinary and entrepreneurial environment. 3. Limited access to finance inhibits young entrepreneurs from growing their business. We recommend: a. Growing and supporting public guarantee or collateral schemes, with emphasis on small and medium enterprises; b. Implementing a documentation and screening mechanism to determine the creditworthiness of aspiring entrepreneurs; c. Removing barriers for start-ups and entrepreneurs to raise equity from non-accredited investor (e.g. crowdfunding) 4. Restrictive regulatory environments hinder youth entrepreneurship and creativity. We recommend: a. Reducing domestic regulatory burdens to register and close a business through an all-digital process (e.g. online application form). Bankruptcy regimes should also be adapted to enable entrepreneurs to quickly recover from failures; b. Making the elimination and harmonization of digital trade barriers a World Trade Organization agenda priority; c. Developing a global mechanism to promote the enforcement and expedition of assignments of intellectual property rights. Final communiqué of the Y20 China 2016 5 III. Social Justice and Equal Opportunities 1. Education is a basic means to reduce inequality and guarantee equal opportunities. We recommend: a. Creating equitable funding schemes that prioritize children and cover up to tertiary education; b. Integrating curricula with topics of inclusiveness, diversity, respect and critical thinking, utilizing theoretical and experience-based methods, student exchanges and intercultural dialogues; c. Creating opportunities and access for vulnerable and underrepresented groups to higher education and vocational training such as quotas, scholarships and active recruitment; d. Developing minimum standards of education and ensuring the quality of teachers across all educational systems, through international collaboration of educational ministers; e. Fostering an environment conducive to learning through proper infrastructure, ICT and resources; f. Supporting the inclusion of migrants and refugees into the labor market through the effective recognition of possessed skills, access to free language courses and the development of industryspecific skills. Implement education reforms to better match initial and vocational education within market needs. 2. Discrimination is a factor that undermines equal socioeconomic opportunities. We recommend: a. Recognising and addressing issues that reduce participation of vulnerable groups in national economies such as discrimination in the workplace. This includes but is not limited to: women, people with disabilities, migrants, refugees, indigenous peoples and ethnic and religious minorities; b. Supporting social entrepreneurship for the benefit of disadvantaged groups through provisions such as fiscal measures, technology, infrastructure and foreign entrepreneurial ventures; c. Enforcing transparency for wages and blind application processes in public and private sectors to incentivize equal pay and opportunities for equal work. 3. Equal provision of public services is paramount to guarantee social justice. We recommend: a. Utilising demographic data to prioritize provision of safe health services to increase universal access. This includes: access to clean water, social housing options for vulnerable people and those of a lower socioeconomic level, collaboration between public and private health providers, promotion of health research, sanitation technology and organ donation; b. Facilitating the creation of IT services and platforms by the public and private sectors for disadvantaged and vulnerable groups; c. Supporting comprehensive access to ICT aimed at fostering academic research and knowledge sharing within and between countries; d. Providing access to legal aid for groups of a lower socioeconomic level by utilizing strategies such as qualified law students or pro-bono lawyers who can give basic legal aid to those who need it; e. Ensuring youth participation in decision-making processes for all affected groups through UNEP community protocols and public hearings. It is important to take intergenerational justice into account; f. Targeting underage refugees specifically by offering comprehensive counselling services. 4. We acknowledge that gender equality and elimination of gender-based violence is key for fostering a more just society. We recommend: a. Enforcing equal pay between genders and creating measures, such as quotas and mentorship, that ensure access to high-level positions for women in public and private sectors to achieve parity; b. Providing a comprehensive paid maternity and paternity leave which promotes re-entry to the workforce, affordable childcare and eliminates discrimination; c. Starting educational gender programs and career services through gender-neutral education; d. Ensuring that females receive sexual and reproductive healthcare services, which include family planning and sexual education, and receive reduced taxation on menstrual products; e. Supporting civil societies in increasing numbers of shelters, helplines, psychological and medical care for survivors of gender-based violence, conflict, post-conflict and disasters. Final communiqué of the Y20 China 2016 6 IV. Green Life and Sustainability 1. We propose G20 leaders to empower youth to achieve the 2030 SDGs in order to fulfill our commitments towards future generations. 2. We urge respective signatories to ratify and implement the Paris Agreement and the Sendai Framework, and countries to be more ambitious in setting future targets. 3. Increasing the awareness and participation of sustainable lifestyles is necessary to combat climate change. We strongly recommend: a. Incorporating a curriculum on sustainable development into all levels of formal education, such as sustainable and responsible consumerism, as well as capacity building in sustainable agricultural science research and practices; b. Holding international youth networking events such as a Youth Energy Efficiency Festival, empowering sustainable entrepreneurship. 4. Since youth are the most vulnerable to natural disasters, many of which are exacerbated by climate change, G20 countries should be better prepared for them. We recommend: a. Investing in innovation and technology development and solution-driven research in Disaster Risk Reduction; b. Preparing local response teams to involve locals as stakeholders in addressing disasters; c. Adopting the Build Back Better (BBB) principle during the post-disaster recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction phases. 5. Support local stakeholders’ incentives to make cities cleaner and more sustainable through infrastructure development. 6. The exploitation of nature and destruction of natural habitats have reached dangerous levels. We encourage: a. Ensuring the preservation and restoration of land and water ecosystems, paying attention to market mechanisms amongst other measures; b. Supporting developing countries in protecting regional wildlife and preventing deforestation. 7. Establish a working group on sustainable multilateral cooperation, aiming at: a. Creating a bridge between public research and the private sector, enabling innovation and the exchange of environmentally sound technologies, through transparent environmental performance data sharing; b. Encouraging programs to promote inclusive business, sustainable supply chain mechanisms and transition programs for environmentally displaced workers and refugees. c. Sustainable development requires innovative financial architecture mechanisms to support the transition towards a low-emission economy. We call for: d. Evaluating the inclusion of deeper environmental chapters within trade agreements, considering different national contexts and capacities; e. Allocating special funds for sustainable development projects through Financial Development Institutions, particularly for young entrepreneurs in developing countries. Final communiqué of the Y20 China 2016 7 V. Partnership and Global Governance 1. In order to strengthen the engagement of youth focused stakeholder groups with new and existing economic institutions and to ensure investment is directed towards fostering cross regional youth employment and business opportunities, we recommend promoting public private partnerships (PPPs) through: a. Policy capacity building and best practice sharing; b. Public support for risk allocation; c. A lean and flexible legal framework; d. Maintaining transparency and neutrality. 1. There is a need to enhance the resilience of the global financial architecture. We recommend: 1. Harmonizing financial regulation and extending it to shadow banking; 2. Fostering the exchange of information on tax issues. 2. It is necessary to strengthen the G20 as a long-term mechanism for addressing global challenges. Therefore, we recommend: a. Establishing a task force responsible for selecting key G20 strategic development projects, focused on infrastructure and innovation; b. Continuing cooperation to ensure harmonization of legislation on key issues of mutual trade and investment, as well as the exchange of technologies for multilateral development on a nondiscriminatory basis; c. Aligning the G20 development agenda with the SDGs. 3. It is critical to develop Internet infrastructure and governance, new technologies and big data. We recommend: a. Promoting open and equitable access to the Internet and expansion through investment in ICT infrastructure focusing on innovative and emerging technologies; b. Encouraging the responsible use of big data and open sources in creating inclusive social policy; c. Fostering a new social compact that respects the principles of personal privacy 4. Ensuring social actors’ participation in global governance is essential. We recommend: a. Empowering members of civil society and local actors by embracing the admission of amicus briefs before international adjudicative bodies in international treaties; b. Establishing a state-led working group on paradiplomacy to increase cooperation between subnational actors. 5. There is a demand for shaping the future of the Y20. Therefore, we recommend: a. Introducing the position of the Y20 “Sherpas” with a Sherpa-like role among the selected national delegations to coordinate activities between annual Y20 Summits, to promote youth cooperation and Y20 decisions at all levels; b. Fostering the participation of the Y20 “Sherpas” in all the relevant G20 groups; c. Promoting the access of Y20 to all youth by encouraging institutionalized funding by G20 participating countries for Y20 delegations. d. Ensuring the principles of good governance in all the aforementioned is important. We recommend. e. Building and working upon inclusive, transparent, accountable, effective and efficient mechanisms for the creation, application and adjudication of rules under Article 2 of the Charter of the United Nations Final communiqué of the Y20 China 2016 8 About the Y20 The annual Youth 20 (Y20) Summits are the official youth outreach programs of the rotating G20 Presidencies. This premier international youth conference brings together young leaders and enables them to discuss their concerns and solutions on a global agenda. The outcomes of the Summits are passed directly to the Heads of State and Government of the G20 and other relevant stakeholders. In both 2014 and 2015, the G20 Heads of State and Government adopted key clauses from the Y20 recommendations in their Final Communiqué. The Y20 Summit 2016 will take place in Beijing and Shanghai, China from July 30 to August 6. The topics of the Y20 Summit 2016 were chosen by the Y20 representatives and are: • Poverty elimination and joint development; • Entrepreneurship and creative thinking; • Green life and sustainability; • Social justice and equal opportunities; • Partnership and global governance. About Young European Leadership Young European Leadership (YEL) is responsible for recruiting and training the European Union delegates for the annual Y20 Summits. For this, YEL cooperates closely with the G20 Sherpa team of the European Union, including meetings before and after the Summits. The delegates are recruited in a competitive application process, based on their expertise, leadership approaches, general background and intercultural skills. Following their successful applications, delegates start an intense preparation process, which includes research, G20- wide pre-negotiations and a training weekend. The latter facilitates negotiation skills, alignment of the delegation positions and stakeholder meetings. YEL follows a similar approach for the Y7 Summits in line with the G7 Presidencies. Young European Leadership International Non-Profit Organisation, Registration Number (BE): 524.708.335 EU Transparency Register: 596915820961-12 website: younglead.eu/y20 contact; contact@younglead.eu 

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